Differences and similarities between British English and American English

Darbas anglų kalba. Britų ir amerikiečių anglų kalbų skirtumai ir panašumai. Grammatical differences. Dissimilar pronunciation.
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Since immemorial times English has been in a dominant position among the other languages. While there are certainly many more varieties of English, British English (the form of English used in the United Kingdom) and American English (the form of English used in the United States) are the two varieties that are taking over the whole world. This phenomenon is influenced mainly by the leading positions of the mentioned countries in international affairs and by the expansion of the telecommunications and cinema industries. Although, the two varieties differ a lot in many aspects between each other, some similarities can also be found. So in this report I am going to point out the principal differences and similarities in grammar, vocabulary and spelling, and pronunciation between British and American English. One of biggest grammatical differences between the two varieties is that distinct tenses are used to express the same meaning. In British English (BrE) the present perfect tense (have/has + past participle) together with the words already, just, yet is used to express an action in the recent past that has an effect on the present moment. However, in American English (AmE) both the present perfect and the simple past tenses convey this meaning, e.g. "Have you done your homework yet?"/"Did you do your homework yet?". Besides, it is possible to notice that AmE tendency to use more frequently the simple past tense as an alternative to the present perfect also makes inroads into BrE, as the use of just with simple past is more and more visible in advertising slogans and headlines such as "Cable broadband just got faster", "The Queen just got home after visit in Lithuania".The use of regular and irregular forms in BrE also differs from that of AmE. In BrE the simple past tense and past participle of the verb can be either regular or irregular. Both the mentioned forms are acceptable, only they are used in different situations: the regular verbs, that is, the forms with –ed, are more common in current British usage, while the irregular forms tend to be used by the speakers of the Received Pronunciation (RP). However, there are some exceptions. For example, in modern BrE lit as the past tense of light is more common than lighted. On the contrary to BrE, in AmE the irregular forms are never or hardly ever used, except for the verbs burnt, dreamt, spoilt and some others, for example: ...

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